One of the most visited places in North America is Niagara Falls. Tourists from all over the world make it a point to visit this stunning waterfall at least once in their lifetime.
Some facts to know about Niagara Falls River
• It comprises of three waterfalls: It is a wrong assumption that Niagara Falls is a single waterfall. The truth is that it is a collection of waterfalls. It straddles the border between the United States and Canada, comprising of Bridal Veil Falls, American Falls and Canadian Falls, referred to as Horseshoe Falls.
The three falls are said to originate from the Niagara River and receive water from the Great Lakes, namely, Lake Erie, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan and Lake Superior. It empties its water in Lake Ontario.
• Hydropower source: This fall products electricity in large amounts. In 1881 was built its very first hydroelectric station on the Niagara Falls River. Presently, it is known to produce approximately 1/4th of electricity supplied to Canadian Province Ontario and New York state. There are several hydropower plants surrounding the Falls producing electricity for Canada and America. The hydroelectric stations during summer divert less water to enable visitors to have a glimpse of the grand water flow.
• The highest flow rate in the world: Around 700,000 gallons (28 million litres) of water flows through the falls every second. This fall is also is specifically known to be the fastest moving waterfall in the world. The tallest waterfall is Horseshoe Falls at about 57m (188 ft) and 52m (170 ft) deep. Glacial activity had created this fall about 12,000 years ago.
• Fishes move over Niagara Falls: 90% of fishes survive while travelling down the falls, as they have evolved over time to withstand the falls’ strong pressure. Moreover, the white foam developed cushions fish movement. The waters are rich in nutrients and oxygen, helping them to thrive. State Park covers 400+ acres and is abundant in diverse wildlife like waterfowl and wintering gulls and beautiful landscape.
• Provides 20% of drinking water to the U.S.: About 1/5th of drinking water supplied in the U.S. flows through the falls. World’s 21% surface freshwater is supplied by the Great Lakes, which is stated to have 84% of surface freshwater of North America.
• Relatively young: Although 12,000 years old, Niagara Falls in geographical terms is considered to be relatively young.
Hence, getting to know the facts in advance is sure to help tourists to enjoy this site to its maximum potential.